BDA’s findings reveal several important factors that may be considered when developing prevention programs. Based on the gender differences in this report, BDA recommends the development of gender specific problem gambling prevention programs. Gender specific prevention programs have been shown to be effective with other high-risk behaviors, especially for females (Schinke & Schwinn, 2005). BDA recommends that problem gambling prevention programs reflect the following gender differences:
The gender differences found in primary type of gambling and age of onset provide beneficial insights for treatment providers. For treatment providers working with males, the BDA data recommends discussing other forms of gaming and the role of gambling in their lifestyle, due to the early age of onset. When working with females, the wide range of age of onset suggests that treatment providers would benefit from developing competencies in working with a variety of generations. Furthermore, the high prevalence of casino and lottery gaming offers a focus to treatment with females.
BDA’s findings also offer additional insight for both problem gambling clinicians as well as professionals working with addicted populations, as 36% of males and 26% of females, who gamble, report a history of substance use disorders. For clinicians that specialize in working with disordered gamblers, training and experience in working with alcohol and drug addictions is recommended. This data also suggests that clinicians working in substance abuse treatment settings would benefit from training in problem gambling screening, brief intervention & integrated dual-disorder treatment.
Casinos have provided a great amount of referral and resource information to people dealing with problem gambling. These materials have provided the help line with over half of its callers. The gender differences outlined in this report suggest the opportunity to develop gender specific marketing materials, to enhance their value.
Though the group is smaller, 12% of males are gambling on sports events and horse races. This group is more difficult to reach as in most cases sports betting is illegal; therefore no conventional places to advertise or provide further information are available. Horse racing venues provide better opportunities to reach gamblers, as they are legal facilities licensed by the State. Promotional materials should be tailored to the males who are most likely going to be in these locations.