47% of all employees reported that the stress of a personal problem impact their work performance. FIG 1 represents the response rates for males and females. The topics below elicited gender differences in the influence of stress on work performance. Our overall data revealed minor age differences in the influence of stress on work performance.
The most common way personal problems and stress disrupted work performance for both groups was due to difficulty concentrating. Almost half of females reported difficulty concentrating due to stress at work.
My mother’s death has been difficult for me. I don’t sleep at night, My boss noticed that my performance has been affected - I am dozing off at work.
The second most common way stress disrupted work performance was due to absenteeism. Although females reported slightly higher rates of absenteeism, males on average missed more days of work as a result of their personal problem during the previous 3 months (FIG 2).
Poor work quality was the third highest symptom of stress in the workplace for both males and females, with males reporting slightly higher rates.
I am currently meeting work objectives, but I have some difficulties and wants to be preventative so my problem doesn’t affect work more.
The stress of a personal problem contributes to a notable gender difference in the rates of reported disciplinary action. Males were more than twice as likely to receive formal disciplinary action. This gender difference was visible across all age groups. 56 – 65 year old males reported the highest rates of disciplinary action (FIG 3).
I’ve had a tumultuous relationship with a coworker and my boss had to intervene. We’ve gotten in arguments... I was disciplined with a final, not just verbal, warning.
EAP services are designed to address lifestyle issues and workplace stresses. Upon completion of EAP services, clients were asked whether their work performance improved as a result of using the EAP. Our data revealed that 94% of clients improved their work performance after contacting and utilizing EAP services. The most frequently reported indicator in job performance was “Improved Productivity” with 67% of male employees and 64% of female employees reporting positive results.